Print

این کلمات را استفاده نکنید!

یکی از روشهایی که به بهبود و زیباتر شدن گفتار و نوشتار شما به زبان انگلیسی کمک میکنند، جایگزین کردن برخی کلمات ساده و پیش پاافتاده پرکاربرد با کلمات پربارتر و زیباتر میباشد. مطالعه این صفحه به شما کمک شایانی میکند که این کلمات را با کارد صحیح و موثر خود بیابید.

یکی از تکنیکهای موثر در آزمونهایی نظیر آیلتس و تافل، همانا جایگیزینی کلمات مناسب و با کیفیت بجای کلمات ساده و پیش پاافتاده در مکالمه زبان انگلیسی و یا نوشتار زبان انگلیسی است. اگر شما فردی آکادمیک هستید و یا در مشاغلی فعالیت دارید که نیاز به سطح مطلوب تری از قابلیتهای ارتباطی و مکاتبات و مکالمات بازرگانی به زبان انگلیسی و یا ارتباطات اجتماعی به زبان انگلیسی را دارید، حتما مطالعه این مطلب به شما توصیه ویژه میشود.

علی القاعده، میبایستی مدتی وقت بگذارید و این کلمات جایگزین را حفظ نموده و تدریجا در مکالمات و نگارشهای روزانه تان از آنها استفاده کنید. جهت سهولت کار شما سعی خود را کرده ایم تا کلمات ادبی، رسمی و با کاربرد کمتر را برایتان مشخص کنیم، اما اکثر این کلمات بسیار مفید و پرکاربرد هستند و چنانچه شما تا بحال از آنها استفاده نکرده اید دلیلی بر کم کاربرد بودن آنها در مکالمات و مکاتبات روزمره -- اعم از مکاتبات رسمی و غیر رسمی -- نمیشود! جهت اینکه هرنوع شک و شبهه را در این خصوص از بین ببریم از دیکشنری کمبریج و سایر منابع معتبر و موثق جهت بررسی و چک مجدد کاربرد کلمات استفاده شده تا بتوانیم بهترین، ساده ترین و کاربردی ترینها را در اختیارتان قرار دهیم.

کلماتی که -- براساس سالها تجربه کاریمان -- تشخیص دادیم احیانا ممکن است به لحاظ کاربرد Register/Function و یا تلفظ انگلیسی برایتان بیگانه یا نامانوس باشند، بصورت مجزا و بهمراه توضیحات تکمیلی و سمبلهای فونتیکی Phonetic Symbols جهت هضم و درک بهتر شما تفکیک و توصیف شده اند.

ضمنا همان قانون مهم و همیشگی را خدمتتان یادآور میشوم که کلاس انگلیسی محل تمرین آموخته هاست؛ یعنی شما با استفاده از فضای وب و مطالعات خود Self Study مطالبی را یادمیگیرید که لزوما از آنها بدرستی و در زمان و مکان مناسب استفاده نمیکنید، و یا ممکن است به مرور زمان آموخته هایتان بدست فراموشی سپرده شوند. حضور شما در کلاسهایی با تمرینات هدفمند زیر نظر اساتید با تجربه و با قابلیتهای علمی بروز، منجر به تمرینات و تصحیحات و مجددا تمریناتی خواهد شد که پل ارتباطی میان یادگیری، فراگیری و کاربرد صحیح خواهند بود. بنابراین حضور شما در کلاسهای زبان انگلیسی با این کیفیت ضرورتی انکارناپذیر است.

 

 

about= approximately / nearly / almost / approaching / close to

e.g.  I am about close to 40 years old

e.g. There were about almost 50 people in ROXANA's classes in a week.

 

absolutely= unconditionally / perfectly / completely / ideally / purely / definitely

e.g. "Are you going to have children?" "Oh, absolutely definitely (= without any doubt)."

e.g. He thanked his mother for being absolutely unconditionally supportive.

 

activity= action / movement / operation / labor / exertion / enterprise / project / pursuit / endeavor / assignment / pastime / scheme / task

e.g. There's a new activity scheme in our town for recycling plastic bottles.

SCHEME here means: [mainly UK] an officially organized plan or system

e.g. I don't have much opportunity for leisure activities pursuits these days.

 

add= attach / affix / join / sum up / append / increase / amplify

e.g. A funeral can add amplify the feelings of regret and loss for the relatives

e.g. 10 victories added summed up his record

 

affect= adjust / influence / transform / moderate / involve / motivate / alter / touch

e.g. Tragedy affected touched their lives when their son was 16

e.g. Giving up our car has radically affected altered our lifestyle

e.g. Many analysts regard the state of the U.S. job market as a major factor influencing consumer confidence

 

amazing= overwhelming / astonishing / startling / unexpected / stunning / dazzling / remarkable

e.g. I felt an amazing overwhelming sense of relief when the semester was over

e.g. An amazing A dazzling performance/display

 

awesome= impressive / stupendous / fabulous / astonishing / outstanding

e.g. It's awesome astonishing to think that only a few years ago he was a completely unknown actor

e.g. It's an area of outstanding natural beauty

 

bad= defective / inadequate / poor / unsatisfactory / disagreeable / offensive / repulsive / corrupt / wicked / naughty / harmful / injurious / unfavorab

e.g. Jacob’s answers were bad unsatisfactory

e.g. She said some very bad disagreeable things

e.g. offensive bad smells

e.g. The play received generally unfavorable bad reviews

 

basic= essential / elemental / primitive / vital / fundamental

[disapproving] Primitive living conditions are basic, unpleasant, and uncomfortable:
e.g. Early settlers had to cope with very primitive basic living conditions.

reference: Cambridge Dictionary

e.g. elemental basic needs/desires/feelings

 

beautiful= attractive / appealing / alluring / exquisite; very beautiful and delicate / gorgeous / handsome / stunning

e.g. A little dog with appealing beautiful big brown eyes

e.g. She was wearing a most beautiful alluring dress at Sam's dinner party

e.g. Look at this exquisite beautiful painting

 

begin= commence / found / initiate / introduce / launch / originate / run

e.g. We will commence begin building work in August of next year.

e.g. Shall we let the meeting begin commence?

e.g. Who initiated began the violence?

 

better= preferable / superior / worthier

e.g. Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to better than war

e.g. Some people think acoustic recordings are superior to better than digital ones

 

cause= origin / stimulus / inspiration / motive / make / prompt

e.g. She caused me to made me eat up my food

e.g. What prompted  caused you to say that?

 

certain= unquestionable / incontrovertible / unmistakable / indubitable / assured / confident

e.g. incontrovertible certain proof/evidence

 

change= alter / transform / vary / replace / diversify

e.g. Many wheat farmers have begun to diversify change into other forms of agriculture

e.g. We've had to alter change some of our plans

e.g. Some people give a regular monthly donation while others vary change the amount they give

 

easy= effortless / natural / comfortable / undemanding / pleasant / relaxed

e.g. Her dancing looks easy effortless

e.g. a relatively undemanding easy  job

 

emphasize= underscore / feature / accentuate / highlight / reiterate / underline

e.g. Her dress was tightly belted, accentuating emphasizing the slimness of her waist

e.g. The new policy only serves to accentuate emphasize the inadequacy of help for the homeless

e.g. [FORMAL] She reiterated emphasized that she had never seen him before

 

end= limit / finish / conclusion / finale/fɪˈnɑː.li/ / resolution

e.g. In the finale end , the singer sang an Italian classic

 

energy= vitality / vigor / force / dynamism

e.g. According to the packet, these vitamin pills will restore lost energy vitality

e.g. After vacation, she returned to work with renewed  energy vigor

 

enjoy= savor/ˈseɪ·vər/ / relish / benefit / revel in/ˈrev.əl/

e.g. He revelled in enjoyed his role as team manager

e.g. He wanted to savor enjoy his time with Henrietta and their grown children

e.g. I always relish enjoy a challenge

 

exciting= thrilling / stirring / rousing/ˈraʊ.zɪŋ/ / dramatic

e.g. The book is a thrilling exciting adventure story

e.g. She delivered a rousing exciting speech full of anger and passion

 

fast= swift / quick / fleet / hasty / instant / accelerated

e.g. Thank you for your swift fast reply

e.g. She was slight and fleet of foot/fleet-footed fast on foot

 

fill= occupy / suffuse [literary word] /səˈfjuːz/ / pervade / saturate / inflate / stock

e.g. His voice was low and filled suffused with passion

to make something increase in size by filling it with air:
e.g. He inflated filled the balloons with helium

e.g. The film movie is a reflection of the violence that fills pervades our culture

 

finish= complete / conclude / cease / achieve / exhaust / deplete / consume

e.g. The company has decided to cease  finish all UK operations after this year

e.g. Healthcare for a sick patient can quickly deplete finish retirement savings

 

funny= comical / ludicrous / amusing / droll  /droʊl/ / entertaining

e.g He looked so comical funny in that hat

e.g. I was listening to a funny an amusing programme on the radio, which made me laugh out loud

e.g. Some people seem to find it funny amusing that I've broken my toe

e.g. I always loved his droll funny sense of humor

 

give= bestow [FORMAL] / donate / supply / deliver / distribute / [FORMAL] impart

e.g. The country’s highest medal was given bestowed upon him for heroism

e.g. Preservatives can impart colour and flavour to a product

e.g. The jury delivered gave a verdict of not guilty

 

go= proceed [FORMAL] / progress / advance / [FORMAL] depart

e.g. Passengers for Madrid should proceed go to gate 26 for boarding

e.g. We would like to remind all our guests to leave their keys at reception before they go depart

 

good= satisfactory / serviceable / functional / competent / virtuous / striking

e.g. The teachers seem to think his work is good satisfactory

e.g. The shoes are slightly worn, but still serviceable

e.g. He described them as virtuous good and hard-working people

 

great= tremendous / superior / remarkable / eminent / proficient / expert

e.g. Nelson Mandela was a truly remarkable great man

e.g. an eminent great historian

e.g. It takes a couple of years of regular driving before you become great proficient at it

 

happy= pleased / joyous / elated / jubilant/ˈdʒuː.bəl.ənt/ / cheerful / delighted

e.g. At the airport, they hugged happily joyously

e.g. The prince was reported to be  happy elated at/by the birth of his daughter

e.g. The fans were jubilant at/about/over their team's victory

e.g. You're in a cheerful happy mood this morning

 

hard= arduous / formidable / complex / complicated /  / harsh / tough

e.g. A formidable hard obstacle/task

e.g. We thought the punishment was rather hard harsh for such a minor offence

 

help= assist / aid / support / sustain / serve

e.g. You will be expected to assist help the editor with the selection of illustrations for the book

e.g. She was sustained helped by the strength of her religious faith

e.g. The love of my family and friends sustained helped me through my ordeal

 

important= significant / substantial / weighty / meaningful / critical     / vital

e.g. There has been a significant  an important  increase in the number of women students in recent years

e.g. They have received plnty of meaningful  important email

 

job= task / undertaking / occupation / vocation / chore / duty / assignment

e.g. Our first task  job after we moved was to find a doctor

e.g. The construction of the tunnel is a large and complex  job undertaking

e.g. I have a lot of reading assignments jobs to complete before the end of term

 

keep= retain [FORMAL] / control / possess / sustain / maintain

e.g. She has lost her battle to retain keep control of the company

e.g. It is hard to see what will sustain  keep  them when they have no income

 

know= comprehend / understand / realize / perceive / discern

e.g. He doesn't seem to comprehend  know the scale of the problem

e.g. Women's magazines are often perceived  known  to be superficial

 

main= primary / foremost / dominant / major

e.g. The primary main responsibility lies with those who break the law

e.g. This is one of the country's foremost main arts centres

e.g. Unemployment will be a dominant main issue at the next election

 

new= recent / modern / current / novel

e.g. Is that a recent new photo?

e.g. Who is the current new editor of the Times?

e.g. a novel idea/suggestion/way of sth i.e. Keeping a sheep in the garden is a novel way of keeping the grass short!

 

next= subsequently / thereafter / successively

e.g. For the first month you’ll be working here, and thereafter in Chicago

 

necessary= imperative / indispensable

e.g. It's imperative necessary to act now before the problem gets really serious

e.g. This book is an indispensable necessary resource for researchers

 

nice= pleasant / satisfying / gracious / charming

e.g. a pleasant climate/smile/person

e.g. a satisfying meal/result

e.g. You’re a gracious nice host

e.g. We had dinner with our director and his nice charming wife

e.g. What a charming nice street this is

 

old = aged / mature / experienced / used / worn / former / previous

e.g.The hospital was built to meet the needs of the olds   aged

 

part= section / portion / segment / detail / element / component

e.g. The news program contained a brief part segment on white-collar crime

e.g. The factory supplies electrical components for cars

 

perfect= flawless / faultless / ideal / consummate

e.g. A flawless perfect performance

e.g. He is a perfect consummate athlete/gentleman/liar

 

prove= demonstrate / confirm / validate / verify / [FORMAL] corroborate

e.g. Recent research seems to prove corroborate his theory

 

quick= brisk / prompt / responsive / rapid / nimble / hasty

e.g. Her tone on the phone was quick brisk (= she spoke quickly and used few words) and businesslike

e.g. They've written back already - that was a very prompt prompt reply

e.g. A responsive quick engine/audience

e.g. She wasn't responsive quick to questioning

 

really= truly / genuinely / extremely / undeniably

e.g. She was genuinely really pleased when he arrived

e.g. She is undeniably really good at her job

 

regular= standard / routine / customary / habitual

e.g. She's not her customary regular cheerful self today

e.g. There is something wrong with anyone who is so habitually regularly rude

 

remember= recall / recollect

e.g. The old man recalled remembered the city as it had been before the war

e.g. As far as I can recollect remember, his name is Edward

 

see= regard / behold [old use or literary] / witness / gaze / realize / notice

e.g. The new bridge is an incredible sight to see behold

e.g. Did anyone see witness the attack?

 

small= diminutive /dɪˈmɪn.jə.tɪv/ / miniature / minor / insignificant / slight / trivial

e.g. My grandmother was a small diminutive woman, less than 5 feet tall

e.g. The story spends too much time on small trivial matters

 

sometimes= occasionally / intermittently / sporadically / periodically / from time to time

e.g. I see him occasionally sometimes in town

e.g. The equipment should be tested sometimes periodically

 

take= grasp / capture / choose / select / tolerate / endure

e.g. Rebel forces captured took the city after a week-long battle

e.g. We must grasp take every opportunity to strengthen economic ties with other countries

 

think= conceive / imagine / ponder / reflect / contemplate / supppose

e.g. It’s hard to conceive think what the world will be like a hundred years from now

e.g. I'm contemplating thinking of  going abroad for a year

 

try= attempt / endeavor / venture / test

e.g. He attempted tried to escape through a window

e.g. Writing is a very different endeavor try than teaching

 

use= employ [FORMAL] / operate / utilize / practise / treatment

e.g. Sophisticated statistical analysis was used employed to obtain these results

e.g. The company denies that it has practised used discrimination against any of its employees

 

want= desire [FORMAL] / crave / yearn / long / wish

e.g. The hotel had everything you could possibly want desire

e.g. She longed  wanted to see him again

 

همانطور که میدانید کلمه very بعنوان قید یا صفت بطور رایجی در مکالمات روزمره زبان انگلیسی استفاده میشود. با جایگزین کلمه واژگان مناسبتر میتوانید به سطح مطلوبتری از ارتباطات خود به زبان انگلیسی دست یابید. جدول زیر میتواند به شما کمک کند تا جایگزینهای مناسبتری بجای کلمه very بیابید

 

Dazzling

Very bright

e.g. a dazzling white light

Keen

Very eager

e.g. They were very keen to start work as soon as possible

Quick

Very fast

e.g. I only had time for a quick glance at the paper this morning

Anxious

Very worried

e.g. I saw my sister's anxious face at the window

Ancient

Very old

e.g. ancient civilizations/rights/laws

Exhausted

Very tired

e.g. By the time they reached the summit they were exhausted

Freezing

Very cold

e.g. They survived for four hours in the freezing water

Gorgeous

Very pretty

e.g. From our hotel, there were gorgeous views of the city

Delicious

Very tasty

e.g. The delicious smell of freshly made coffee came from the kitchen

Jubilant

Very happy

e.g. The fans were jubilant at/about/over their team's victory

Brilliant

Very clever

e.g. Her mother was a brilliant scientist

Starving

Very hungry

e.g. The cats were neglected and starving

Superb

Very good

e.g. He is a superb dancer

Terrified

Very afraid

e.g. He huddled in the corner like a terrified child

Precious

Very valuable

e.g. Clean water is a precious commodity in many parts of the world

Furious

Very angry

e.g. He's furious about/at the way he's been treated

Huge

Very big

e.g. A huge crack went from the top to the bottom of the wall

Tiny

Very small

e.g. The glass shattered into a thousand tiny pieces

Spotless

Very clean

e.g. Her home is spotless

Disgusting

Very dirty

e.g. These white walls are much better than that disgusting old wallpaper

Boiling

Very hot

e.g. I wish I'd worn something cooler - I'm boiling

Stuffed

Very full

e.g. No more for me thanks - I'm stuffed

Hideous

Very ugly

e.g. They've just built some hideous new apartment on the seafront

Silent

Very quiet

e.g. The valley was silent

Idiotic

Very stupid

e.g. She was idiotic to quit her job like that

Soaked

Very wet

e.g. His T-shirt was soaked in sweat

 

چنانچه به مثالهای بیشتری در این خصوص نیازمندید، میتوانید به دیکشنری انلاین کیمبرج که بعنوان ماخذ مثالها در این صفحه درنظر گرفته شده رجوع فرمایید.

 

موضوعات مرتبط با این یادداشت:

دیکشنری آنلاین https://dictionary.cambridge.org کیمبرج

کلاس محل تمرین آموخته هاست

خطاهای رایج در مکالمه انگلیسی

اصطلاحات انگلیسی فوق العاده کاربردی

کلمات هم-آیند پرکاربرد

 


© مطالب مندرج در این وبسایت با زحمت و صرف زمان و تجربه زیاد گردآوری، تالیف یا ترجمه شده اند. هرگونه کپی برداری و تکثیر از آن بهرنحو، با هر هدف و در هر کجای جهان، پیگرد حقوقی و قضایی خواهد داشت.

 


طراحی سایت و سئو توسط ضابط